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8 of Hatour, 1736

Gregorian Calender

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Katamaros

- A Thanksgiving to God

- Abba Kyrillos the Sixth, the 116th Pope of Alexandria

- Annunciation of St. Joachim with the Birth of the Virgin Mary

- Apparition of the Pure Lady the Virgin in the church of Zeitoun

- Appearance of the Body of St. Apolidus, the Pope of Rome

- Appearance of the Head of St. John the Baptist

- Appearance of the Head of St. Longinus the Soldier

- Arrival of the Holy Relic of St. John, the Short, to the Wilderness of Scetis

- Ascension of Elijah the Prophet

- Assembly of a Council at Rome because of Epiphany of Fasting

- Assembly of a Council in Antioch for Paul of Samosat

- Assembly of a Council in Rome against Benates (or Novatus) the Priest

- Assembly of the Holy Council on the island of Bani-Omar

- Assembly of the Third General Council at Ephesus for Trying Nestor, Archbishop of Constantinople

- Assembly of the Universal Holy Council at Nicea

- Assumption of the Body of the Pure Virgin St. Mary

- Beginning of the Advent Fasting in the Coptic Church

- Birth of St. Takla-Haymanot, the Ethiopian

- Coming of St. Severus the Patriarch of Antioch to Egypt

- Commemoration Feast of the Archangel Michael

- Commemoration of Anba Marcura

- Commemoration of Anba Sarapamon, known as The Veiled Bishop of El-Monofia

- Commemoration of Archangel Michael

- Commemoration of Archangel Michael

- Commemoration of Dionisa (Denisa) the Deaconess and Medius the Martyr

- Commemoration of Saints Babnuda (Paphnute) the hermit, Theodore the worshipper, and the 100 Martyrs

- Commemoration of Samson, One of the Judges of Israel

- Commemoration of Simon the Bishop

- Commemoration of St. Antonios, Bishop of Tamoui

- Commemoration of St. Gregory, Bishop of Nyssa

- Commemoration of St. Gregory, Patriarch of the Armenians

- Commemoration of St. Heracleas the Martyr and St.Philemon the Priest

- Commemoration of St. John the Evangelist

- Commemoration of St. Juliana the Martyr

- Commemoration of St. Mary the Virgin

- Commemoration of St. Passin and Her Children

- Commemoration of St. Seriakos (Syriacus) the Fighter

- Commemoration of St.Cleopas the Apostle and His Companion

- Commemoration of St.John the Confessor

- Commemoration of St.Mina the Deacon

- Commemoration of St.Tamada and her children, and Armenius and his mother

- Commemoration of Stephen the Priest and Niceta the Martyr

- Commemoration of the Angel Raphael, the Archangel

- Commemoration of the Appearance of a Cross of light above Golgotha

- Commemoration of the Appearance of the Bodies of St. John the Baptist and Elisha the Prophet

- Commemoration of the Appearance of the Glorious Cross

- Commemoration of the Appearance of the Lord to Thomas the Apostle after His Resurrection

- Commemoration of the Archangel Gabriel

- Commemoration of the Archangel Gabriel the Announcer

- Commemoration of the Archangel Gabriel, the Announcer of Daniel the Prophet

- Commemoration of the Archangel Michael

- Commemoration of the Archangel Suriel

- Commemoration of the Church of the Virgin Lady known as El-Mahammah

- Commemoration of the Circumcision of the Lord Christ

- Commemoration of the Closing of the Pagan Temples and Opening of the Churches

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Altar of the Forty Martyrs in Alexandria

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of Anba Sarabamoun, Bishop of Nikios

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of St. Agabus, the Apostle

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of St. Demiana

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of St. Julius El-Akfehas

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of St. Mark the Evangelist and the Appearance of His Holy Body

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of St.Boctor (Victor) in the region of Sho

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of St.John, the Owner of the Golden Gospel, 

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the first altar for St. Nicholas, Bishop of Mora for Jacobite Christians

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the First Church, Built after the Name of St. Peter, the Seal of the Martyrs

- Commemoration of the Consecration of the Sanctuaries of the Resurrection

- Commemoration of the Crucifixion of Our Lord Jesus Christ

- Commemoration of the Departure of Abba Isaac, the Priest of El-Qalali (Cells)

- Commemoration of the Departure of St. Mary know as Marina, the Ascetic

- Commemoration of the Departure of St.Luke the Stylite and the Relocation of His Sacred Relics

- Commemoration of the Entry of the Lord Christ to Egypt

- Commemoration of the feast of Pentecost

- Commemoration of the First Church for The Virgin Mary in the City of Philippi

- Commemoration of the Four Incorporeal Beasts

- Commemoration of the Great Prophet Ezekiel, the son of Buzi

- Commemoration of the Great Sign, the Lord had Manifested During the Papacy of St. Theophilus

- Commemoration of the Holy and Pure Virgin Mary

- Commemoration of the Holy Martyrs Alphaeus, Zacchaeus, Romanus and John

- Commemoration of the Honorable Angel Michael the Archangel

- Commemoration of the Honorable Archangel Michael

- Commemoration of the Honorable Archangel Michael

- Commemoration of the Lady the Theotokos

- Commemoration of the Lady, the Virgin Mary

- Commemoration of the Life giving Annunciation

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of Anba Behna (Bahnou) and Anba Kloag (Bagoug), the Priest

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of Master (Moallem) Malati

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Archelaus and the Martyrdom of Elisha the Hegumen

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Leontius of Tripoli (Lawendius)

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Macarius, the Son of Basilides (Wasilides) the Minister

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Takla

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St.Eudexia (Eutychia)

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of St.Isidorus (Isidore) of Antioch

- Commemoration of the Martyrdom of the Saints Balaryanos and His Brother Thiborinos

- Commemoration of the Miracle at Cana of Galilee

- Commemoration of the Miracle made by St. Basilius, Bishop of Caesarea of Cappadocia

- Commemoration of the Miracle that God performed to St. Athanasius the Apostolic

- Commemoration of the Mother of God

- Commemoration of the Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob

- Commemoration of the Preaching of St. Bartholomew, the Apostle

- Commemoration of the Relics of St.Titus to Constantinople

- Commemoration of the Relocation of the Body of Lazarus

- Commemoration of the Relocation of the Body of St. Epiphanius

- Commemoration of the Relocation of the Relics of Saints Apakir and John

- Commemoration of the Relocation of the Relics of St. John Chrysostom

- Commemoration of the Relocation of the Relics of St.Martianus the Monk

- Commemoration of the Relocation of the Relics of the Forty-Nine Elders of the Wilderness of Shiheet

- Commemoration of the Resurrection of the Lord Christ from the dead

- Commemoration of the revealing virginity of St. Demetrius, the Twelfth Pope of Alexandria

- Commemoration of the Saints Anba Bishay and Anba Abanoub

- Commemoration of the Saints Basil, Theodore and Timothy, the Martyrs

- Commemoration of the Saints George the Ascetic, Belasius the Martyr, and Anba Joseph the bishop

- Commemoration of the Saints Karbu and Apollos and Peter

- Commemoration of the Saints Thomas, Victor and Isaac, of the city of Ashmunen

- Commemoration of the Seven Martyrs on the Mountain of St. Antonius

- Commemoration of the Slain Children of Bethlehem by the order of King Herod

- Commemoration of the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin St.Mary

- Commemoration of the Transfer of St.John's Relics

- Commemoration of the Transfer of the Relics of St. James, known as the Mangled

- Commemoration of the Translocation of the Relics of St. Andrew, the Apostle

- Commemoration of the Twenty-Four Priests

- Commemoration of the Universal Ecclesiastical Council in Constantinople

- Commemoration of the Virgin Mary, the Mother of God

- Commemoration of the Virgin St. Mary, the Mother of God

- Commemoration of the Virgin St.Mary

- Commemoration of the Virgin, the Mother of God

- Commemoration of the visit of Our Lord Christ to Bethany

- Commemoration of the Wonder that took place with Pope Sinuthius (Shenouda I) the Fifty-Fifth Patriarch

- Commemorative Feast of Michael the Archangel

- Confession of St. Peter, the Apostle, that Christ is the Son of the Living God

- Consecration of St. Macarius

- Consecration of the Church of Archangel Gabriel

- Consecration of the Church of Mari Mina at Maryut

- Consecration of the Church of Saints Cosmas, Damian, Their Brothers and Their Mother

- Consecration of the Church of Saints Cosmas, Damian, Their Mother, and Brothers

- Consecration of the Church of St. Abba Fam

- Consecration of the Church of St. Abe-Fam (Epipham) the soldier

- Consecration of the Church of St. Abu-Nofer

- Consecration of the Church of St. George of Cappadocia

- Consecration of the Church of St. Leontius of Tripoli

- Consecration of the Church of St. Mercurius

- Consecration of the Church of St. Sergius and St. Bacchus

- Consecration of the Church of St.James, the Persian

- Consecration of the Church of St.Marina

- Consecration of the Church of St.Misael, the Anchorite

- Consecration of the Church of the Great St.Anthony (Antonios)

- Consecration of the Church of the Saint, Anba Shenouda

- Consecration of the Churches of Prince Theodore, the Son of John, and Prince Theodore El-Mishreke

- Consecration of the First Church Dedicated for the Forty Martyrs from Sebaste

- Consecration of the Virgin's Church in the Mouharaque Monastery in Kuesquam Mountain

- Construction of the first church of St.George in the cities of Birma and Beer Maa (Water Well) in the Oases

- Consultation of the Chief Priests to put the righteous Lazarus to death, whom the Lord raised from the dead

- Council of Bishops took place in Alexandria

- Departure of Aaron the Priest

- Departure of Abba Abraam, Companion of Abba Gawarga

- Departure of Abba Demetrius the First, the Twelfth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Abba Dionysius, the Fourteenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Anba Gabriel VII, the 95th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Anba Isaac, the Disciple of Anba Apollo

- Departure of Anba Kyrellos (Cyril) the Seventy Fifth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Anba Macarius, the Fifty-Ninth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Anba Serapamon, Archpriest of Abba Yehnis (John) monastery

- Departure of Anba Yusab, Bishop of Girga, Known as El-Abbah

- Departure of Cyrus (Karas), brother of Emperor Theodosius

- Departure of David, the Prophet and King

- Departure of Elisha the Prophet

- Departure of Father Paphnute of El-Bandarah

- Departure of Hezekiah the King

- Departure of Isaiah the Prophet

- Departure of Joel the Prophet

- Departure of Jonah the Great Prophet

- Departure of Lazarus the beloved of the Lord

- Departure of Lazarus, the beloved of the Lord

- Departure of Marcianus, the Eighth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Micah, the Prophet

- Departure of Moses the Prophet

- Departure of Our Lady, the Virgin Mary, the Mother of God

- Departure of Pope Abriamus (Primus), the Fifth Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Archelaus, the Eighteenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Athanasius the Second, the Twenty-Eighth Patriarch of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of Pope Cosmas, the 44th Patriarch

- Departure of Pope Gabriel II, the Seventy Pope of Alexandria, who was known as Ibn Turaik

- Departure of Pope Gabriel IV, the 86th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope John (Youhanna) the First, the 29th Patriarch of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of Pope Kyrillos (Cyril) the Fourth, the One Hundred and Tenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Mark the Seventh, the 106th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Mark, (Marcus) VI, the 101st Patriarch

- Departure of Pope Mattheos the Second, Patriarch of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of Pope Mattheos, the One Hundredth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Mikhail the First, the 68th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Peter (Petros) VII, the One Hundred and Ninth Patriarch

- Departure of Pope Peter VI, the One Hundred and Fourth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Sinuthius (Shenouda I), 55th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Eighteenth, the 107th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Eighth, the 80th Patriarch

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Eleventh, the 89th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Fifth, the 72nd Patriarch

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth, the 113th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Ninth, the Eighty-First Patriarch

- Departure of Pope Yoannis the Seventeenth, the 105th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Youanis X, the 85th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of Pope Youannis the Second, the 30th Patriarch of the See of St.Mark

- Departure of Pope Youannis VII, 78th Patriarch

- Departure of Saint Aba-Hour

- Departure of Saint Abba Hor, the Monk

- Departure of Saint Abba Pijimi

- Departure of Saint Christodoulos

- Departure of Saints Agapius, Theodora, and Metruf

- Departure of Saints Bioukha and Tayaban (Banayen) the Priest

- Departure of Samuel the Prophet

- Departure of St. Abraam, the Sixty-Second Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Agatho the Stylite

- Departure of St. Agathon, the Thirty-Ninth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Akakios, Patriarch of Constantinople

- Departure of St. Alexander, Bishop of Jerusalem

- Departure of St. Alexander, Patriarch of Constantinople

- Departure of St. Alexandra, the Empress

- Departure of St. Anastasia

- Departure of St. Anastasius, the Thirty-Sixth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Andronicus, the Thirty-Seventh Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Anianus, the Second Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Anthony the Great (Antonius)

- Departure of St. Archilidis (Arselidas)

- Departure of St. Athanasius and His Sister, Irene

- Departure of St. Athanasius the Apostolic, the 20th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Barsauma, the Father of the Syrian Monks

- Departure of St. Barsoma, the Naked

- Departure of St. Bartholomew, the Apostle

- Departure of St. Basil the Great, Bishop of Caesarea

- Departure of St. Benjamin, the Thirty-Eighth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Bessarion, the Great

- Departure of St. Bishoy

- Departure of St. Celestine, Pope of Rome

- Departure of St. Cladianus (Celadion), the Ninth Pope of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of St. Cornelius the Centurion

- Departure of St. Cyriacus

- Departure of St. Dioscorus the Second, the Thirty-First Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Dioscorus the Twenty-Fifth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Elizabeth, the Mother of St. John the Baptist

- Departure of St. Ephraem El-Soriani (The Syrian)

- Departure of St. Eskani (St. Xene)

- Departure of St. Eumenius, the Seventh Pope of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of St. Euphrasia (Eupraxia), the virgin

- Departure of St. Felix, Pope of Rome

- Departure of St. Fournous, one of the Seventy Disciples

- Departure of St. Freig

- Departure of St. Gregorius (Gregory of Nyssa), the Brother of St. Basil the Great

- Departure of St. Gregory the Monk

- Departure of St. Gregory, Patriarch of the Armenians

- Departure of St. Hannah

- Departure of St. Helena, The Empress

- Departure of St. Heraclas, the Thirteenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Hilaria, the Daughter of Emperor Zeno

- Departure of St. Ibrahim the Anchorite

- Departure of St. Irene (Eirene)

- Departure of St. Isaiah, the hermit

- Departure of St. James the Monk

- Departure of St. James the Patriarch of Antioch

- Departure of St. James, Bishop of Misre

- Departure of St. James, the Bishop of Nisibis

- Departure of St. Jason, one of the Seventy Disciples

- Departure of St. John Chrysostom

- Departure of St. John Kama

- Departure of St. John the Evangelist and Theologian

- Departure of St. John the Fourth, the Forty-Eighth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. John the Soldier

- Departure of St. John, Archpriest of Scetis

- Departure of St. John, Bishop of Gaza

- Departure of St. John, of the Golden Gospel

- Departure of St. Kyrellos (Cyril), Bishop of Jerusalem

- Departure of St. Kyrillos (Cyril) the First, the Twenty-Fourth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Kyrillos V (Cyril), the 112th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Leparius, Bishop of Rome

- Departure of St. Macarius III, the 114th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Macarius of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Macarius the Great

- Departure of St. Macarius the Sixty-Ninth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Malachi, the Prophet

- Departure of St. Mary Magdalene

- Departure of St. Mary of Egypt

- Departure of St. Matthew the Poor

- Departure of St. Mattias IV (Mattheos), the 102nd Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Maximus and St. Domatius

- Departure of St. Maximus, the Brother of St. Domadius

- Departure of St. Melyos, Pope of Alexandria, the Third

- Departure of St. Michael, Bishop of Naqadah

- Departure of St. Mina, Bishop of Tamai

- Departure of St. Moisis, Bishop of Ouseem

- Departure of St. Obadiah the Prophet

- Departure of St. Otimus, the Priest

- Departure of St. Pa

- Departure of St. Palamon, the Father of the Monks

- Departure of St. Paula El-Tamouhi

- Departure of St. Pelagia

- Departure of St. Peter Elrahawy, Bishop of Gaza

- Departure of St. Peter the Fifth, the 83rd Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Peter the Third the Twenty-Seventh Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Philip, One of the Seven Deacons

- Departure of St. Pisentius, Bishop of Qift

- Departure of St. Poemen the Confessor

- Departure of St. Poimen, the Hermit

- Departure of St. Samuel the Abbot of the Qualamon Monastery (Abba Samuel the Confessor)

- Departure of St. Sarah the nun

- Departure of St. Severianus, Bishop of Gabla

- Departure of St. Shenouda (Shenoute), the Archimandrite

- Departure of St. Silvanus the Monk

- Departure of St. Silvester, Pope of Rome

- Departure of St. Simeon the First, the 42nd Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Simeon the Second, the Fifty-First Pope of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of St. Simon the Stylite

- Departure of St. Sisinnios (Sosenius), the Eunich

- Departure of St. Takla Haymanot, the Ethiopian

- Departure of St. Thecla

- Departure of St. Theodora

- Departure of St. Theognosta

- Departure of St. Theopesti

- Departure of St. Theophilus, the Monk

- Departure of St. Thomas, Bishop of Mar

- Departure of St. Timothy II (Timotheos), the 26th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Timothy, Bishop of Ansena

- Departure of St. Timothy, the 22nd Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Titus, the Apostle

- Departure of St. Yoannis XIV, the 96th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Yoannis XV, the 99th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Yusab the Fifty-Second Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Yustus, the monk of St. Anthony

- Departure of St. Zacharias, the Monk

- Departure of St. Zacharias, the Sixty-Fourth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St. Zosimus (Zocima)

- Departure of St.Abba Nofer the Anchorite

- Departure of St.Abba Noub the Confessor

- Departure of St.Abraam, bishop of El-Fayyoum

- Departure of St.Abracius

- Departure of St.Acacius, Bishop of Jerusalem

- Departure of St.Agapetus the Bishop

- Departure of St.Agrippinus, the Tenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Alexander I, 19th Pope of the See of St.Mark

- Departure of St.Alexandros the Second, the Forty-Third Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Ammonius the Hermit

- Departure of St.Andronicus, One of the Seventy Disciples

- Departure of St.Apollo, the Companion of Anba Abib

- Departure of St.Arsanius, the Tutor of the Emperor's Children

- Departure of St.Basilius, Bishop of Jerusalem

- Departure of St.Cedron (Kardonos), the Fourth Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Cosma, the Fifty-Fourth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Cosmas, the Fifty-Eighth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Damianos, the 35th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Daniel the Archpriest of Sheahat (Scetis)

- Departure of St.Epiphanius, Bishop of Cyprus

- Departure of St.Erastus, the Apostle

- Departure of St.Euphemia

- Departure of St.Eustathius, Patriarch of Antioch

- Departure of St.Eutychus

- Departure of St.Gabriel the Eighth, the 97th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Gabriel, the Fifty-Seventh Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Gelasius

- Departure of St.George (Ga'orgi), the Friend of St.Abraam

- Departure of St.Hadid the priest

- Departure of St.Hedra, Bishop of Aswan

- Departure of St.Hierotheos, of Athens

- Departure of St.Hosea the Prophet

- Departure of St.Isaac (Ishaq), of Hourin

- Departure of St.Isidore of Pelusium

- Departure of St.James of the East

- Departure of St.James, the Fiftieth Pope of Alexandria (St.Yacobus)

- Departure of St.John, Bishop of El-Borollos Who Gathered the Biographies of the Saints

- Departure of St.John, Bishop of Jerusalem

- Departure of St.John, Bishop of Jerusalem

- Departure of St.Julian, the Eleventh Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Junia, One of the Seventy Disciples

- Departure of St.Justus, the Sixth Pope of the See of St.Mark

- Departure of St.Konan

- Departure of St.Kyrillos the Second, the 67th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Latsoun El-Bahnasawy

- Departure of St.Longinus, the Abbot of El-Zugag Monastery

- Departure of St.Macrobius

- Departure of St.Malatius the Confessor, Patriarch of Antioch

- Departure of St.Marcian (Martinianus)

- Departure of St.Mark II, 49th Pope of the See of St.Mark

- Departure of St.Martha of Egypt

- Departure of St.Martinus, Bishop of the Chity of Thrace

- Departure of St.Maruta (Marouta) the Bishop

- Departure of St.Mary the Ascetic (The Shut-In)

- Departure of St.Michael II, 53rd Pope of the See of St.Mark

- Departure of St.Narcissus

- Departure of St.Nicholas, Bishop of Mora

- Departure of St.Onesiphorous (Friska), One of the Seventy Apostles

- Departure of St.Pachomius (Pakhom), the Father of the Spiritual Communal Monastic Life (Cenobitic Life)

- Departure of St.Paphnotius (St.Paphnuti), the Bishop

- Departure of St.Paphnoute

- Departure of St.Peter the Fourth, the 34th Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Peter the Worshipper

- Departure of St.Peter, the Twenty-First Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Philogonus, the Patriarch of Antioch

- Departure of St.Prochorus, One of the Seventy Disciples

- Departure of St.Severus, the Patriarch of Antioch

- Departure of St.Tadros (Theodore), the Disciple of St.Pachomius

- Departure of St.Thaddaeus, the Apostle

- Departure of St.Theodorus (Theodor), the Forty-Fifth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Theodosius, the 33rd Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Theodotus, the Bishop

- Departure of St.Theonas, the Sixteenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Timothy the Anchorite

- Departure of St.Timothy the Third, the Thirty-Second Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Yoannis the 16th, the 103rd Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of St.Zacharias, Bishop of Sakha

- Departure of St.Zechariah the Prophet

- Departure of the Great Prophet Daniel

- Departure of the Great Prophet Joshua Son of Nun

- Departure of the Great Saint Abba John the Short

- Departure of the Great Saint Anba Paul, the First Hermit

- Departure of the Holy Father Anba Isaac, the Forty-First Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of the Holy Father Anba Maximus, the Fifteenth Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of the Holy Father Anba Michael, the Seventy-First Pope of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of the Holy Prophet Nahum

- Departure of the Honorable Father St. Theophilus, the Twenty-Third Pope of Alexandria

- Departure of the most honored Layman Ibrahim El-Gohari

- Departure of the Prophet Habakkuk

- Departure of the Righteous Amos, the Prophet

- Departure of the righteous Emperor Constantine the Great

- Departure of The Righteous Gideon, One of the Judges of Israel

- Departure of the Righteous Hannah, the Prophetess and Mother of Samuel, the Prophet

- Departure of the Righteous Joachim, the Lord Christ Grandfather

- Departure of the righteous Job

- Departure of the Saint Anba Khail (Mikhail) the Fifty Sixth Pope of the See of St. Mark

- Departure of the Saint Anba Khail (Mikhail), the Forty-Sixth Pope of the See of St.Mark

- Departure of the Saints Apollo and Abib

- Departure of the Three Hebrew Young Men : Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael

- Departure of the Upright Haggai the Prophet

- Departure of the Upright St. Joseph, the Carpenter

- Deparure of St. Gregory, the Wonder Worker

- Discovery of the Relics of St. Abahour (Pihour), St. Bisoura (Pisoura), and Their Mother Ampera (Asra)

- Eclipse of the Sun in the year 958 of the Martyrs

- Enthronement of Pope Demitrius the Second, the 111th Patriarch of Alexandria

- Entrance of Saint Mary into the Temple in Jerusalem

- Feast Day of the Appearance of the Honorable Cross

- Feast of El-Nayrouz (Beginning of the Blessed Coptic Year)

- Feast of Presenting the Lord Christ to the Temple

- Feast of the Glorified Birth of Our Lord Jesus Christ (Christmas)

- Feast of Transfiguration of Our Lord on Mount Tabor

- Festival of the Honored Archangel Michael

- First Pontifical Liturgy is the New St. Mark Cathedral in the Monastery of Anba Rowais

- Great Earthquake in Cairo and Most of the Egyptian Cities

- Holy Epiphany of Our Lord, God and Savior

- Inauguration of the New St. Mark Cathedral in the Monastery of Anba Rowais

- Job and His Washing

- Martydom of the Fifty Virgins and Their Mother

- Martyrdom of 400 martyrs in Dandara (Denderah)

- Martyrdom of Anba Bisada the Priest

- Martyrdom of Daoud (David), the Monk

- Martyrdom of George (Girgis) the new martyr

- Martyrdom of John of Herakleia

- Martyrdom of One Hundred and Fifty Men and Twenty-Four Women from Ansena

- Martyrdom of Saint Ammonius, Bishop of Esna

- Martyrdom of Saint Anba Amoun and the Righteous Sophia

- Martyrdom of Saint Febronia the Ascetic

- Martyrdom of Saints Abadir and Irai, His Sister

- Martyrdom of Saints Abba Hour and his Mother Theodora

- Martyrdom of Saints Agathon, Peter, John, Ammon and Ammona and their Mother, Rebecca

- Martyrdom of Saints Anba Bshay (Ebshoy) and Anba Botros (Peter)

- Martyrdom of Saints Athanasius, the Bishop, Gerasimus (Jarasimus), and Theodotus

- Martyrdom of Saints Behnam and Sarah, His Sister

- Martyrdom of Saints Benjamin and his Sister Eudexia

- Martyrdom of Saints Bidaba, Bishop of Qift, Anba Andrew, and Anba Christodoulas

- Martyrdom of Saints Cosmas, Damian, Their Brothers and Their Mother

- Martyrdom of Saints Epimachus and Azarianus

- Martyrdom of Saints Harouadj, Ananias, and Khouzi

- Martyrdom of Saints John and Simon, his cousin

- Martyrdom of Saints Kobtlas and Aksu, his Sister, and Tatos, his Friend.

- Martyrdom of Saints Mercurius and Ephraem

- Martyrdom of Saints Onanius and Andrews

- Martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, the Apostles

- Martyrdom of Saints Philemon and Apollonius

- Martyrdom of Saints Pistis, Helpis, Agape and Their Mother Sophia

- Martyrdom of Saints Simeon of Menouf, Abba Hor and Abba Mina the Elder

- Martyrdom of St. Abakragoun

- Martyrdom of St. Abba Hour El-Siriakousy

- Martyrdom of St. Abba Shenoute, during the Early Arab Rule

- Martyrdom of St. Agabius, the Soldier, and his Sister Thecla

- Martyrdom of St. Agabus, One of the Seventy Disciples

- Martyrdom of St. Ananias, the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Anastasia

- Martyrdom of St. Anastasia

- Martyrdom of St. Anatolius

- Martyrdom of St. Anatolius

- Martyrdom of St. Anba Kaou

- Martyrdom of St. Andrew the Apostle, the Brother of St. Peter

- Martyrdom of St. Andrianus

- Martyrdom of St. Antipas, Bishop of Pergamos

- Martyrdom of St. Antonius (Anthony) of Beba

- Martyrdom of St. Aoulimpas, the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Apamon (Abba Amoun)

- Martyrdom of St. Apamon of Toukh

- Martyrdom of St. Apanoub

- Martyrdom of St. Apoli, Son of Justus

- Martyrdom of St. Arbsima the Virgin and Her Sisters the Virgins

- Martyrdom of St. Ari, the Priest of Shatanouf

- Martyrdom of St. Arsenius, Slave of St. Sousnyous

- Martyrdom of St. Babnuda (Paphnute)

- Martyrdom of St. Bacchus, the companion of St. Sergius

- Martyrdom of St. Bandlaemon, the Physician

- Martyrdom of St. Baslantya

- Martyrdom of St. Bropharius

- Martyrdom of St. Christopher

- Martyrdom of St. Clement

- Martyrdom of St. Clement, Pope of Rome

- Martyrdom of St. Colluthus of Antinoe (Known as Abu Colta)

- Martyrdom of St. Cyprianus and St. Justina

- Martyrdom of St. Cyriacus and St. Julietta, his Mother

- Martyrdom of St. Damian in Antioch

- Martyrdom of St. Daysa the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St. Demetrius the Thessalonican

- Martyrdom of St. Demiana

- Martyrdom of St. Dimides

- Martyrdom of St. Dionysius the Bishop

- Martyrdom of St. Dioscorus

- Martyrdom of St. Domadius El-Souriani (The Syrian)

- Martyrdom of St. Epime (Pimanon)

- Martyrdom of St. Eudaemon, of Armant (El-Armanti)

- Martyrdom of St. Euphemia

- Martyrdom of St. Eusebius, Son of Basilides the Minister

- Martyrdom of St. Eusegnius (Eugenius) the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St. Eustathius and his Two Sons

- Martyrdom of St. George (Girgis) known as El-Mezahem

- Martyrdom of St. George the Alexandrian

- Martyrdom of St. George, Prince of Martyrs

- Martyrdom of St. Hadid

- Martyrdom of St. Helias of Hnes

- Martyrdom of St. Hilaria

- Martyrdom of St. Horesius (Harsios) of Soul

- Martyrdom of St. Isaac El-Defrawi

- Martyrdom of St. Isidore

- Martyrdom of St. James the Apostle, Bishop of Jerusalem

- Martyrdom of St. James the Apostle, the Brother of St. John the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. James the Mangled (Sawn)

- Martyrdom of St. James, the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St. Jeremiah the Prophet

- Martyrdom of St. John the Baptist

- Martyrdom of St. John the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St. Julietta

- Martyrdom of St. Julius El-Akfehas, the Writer of the Biography of Martyrs

- Martyrdom of St. Lawindianus (Leontius)

- Martyrdom of St. Longinus the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St. Luke the Evangelist

- Martyrdom of St. Macarius

- Martyrdom of St. Malachias of Palestine

- Martyrdom of St. Malatini the Virgin

- Martyrdom of St. Mari-Mina the Wonder Worker

- Martyrdom of St. Marina, of Antioch

- Martyrdom of St. Mary, the Armenian

- Martyrdom of St. Matra

- Martyrdom of St. Matrounah

- Martyrdom of St. Matthew the Evangelist

- Martyrdom of St. Maurice leader of the Theban Legion

- Martyrdom of St. Mercurius known as the Saint with Two Swords

- Martyrdom of St. Metra

- Martyrdom of St. Moses (Moisees) and his Sister Sarah

- Martyrdom of St. Pantaleemon, the Physician

- Martyrdom of St. Paul the Syrian

- Martyrdom of St. Paul, Patriarch of Constantinople

- Martyrdom of St. Peter, the Seal of the Martyrs

- Martyrdom of St. Philip the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Philotheus

- Martyrdom of St. Pigebs (Bekhebs)

- Martyrdom of St. Piroou and St. Athom

- Martyrdom of St. Pisoura the Bishop

- Martyrdom of St. Procopius (Proconius) of Jerusalem

- Martyrdom of St. Qozman El-Tahawy and his companions

- Martyrdom of St. Quadratus, One of the Seventy Disciples

- Martyrdom of St. Quarshenoufa (Warshenofius)

- Martyrdom of St. Quona and St.Mina

- Martyrdom of St. Sarabamon, Bishop of Nakiyos

- Martyrdom of St. Sergius, the companion of St. Bacchus

- Martyrdom of St. Simeon the Armenian, Bishop of Persia and 150 with him

- Martyrdom of St. Simon Cleophas, the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Sophia

- Martyrdom of St. Stephen the Archdeacon

- Martyrdom of St. Theodore, Bishop of Corinth, and his companions

- Martyrdom of St. Theodore, Bishop of Pentapolis

- Martyrdom of St. Theodosia and her companions

- Martyrdom of St. Theophilus and His Wife in Fayyum

- Martyrdom of St. Thomas of Shentalet

- Martyrdom of St. Thomas, the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Timon the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Timothy and the Relocation of the Body of St.Theodore, the Prince of Setb

- Martyrdom of St. Timothy the Apostle

- Martyrdom of St. Victor (Boctor)

- Martyrdom of St. Wasilides

- Martyrdom of St. Yostus, the Bishop

- Martyrdom of St.Abaskhiroun the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St.Abe-Fam the Soldier (St.Phoebammon)

- Martyrdom of St.Alexandrus

- Martyrdom of St.Alladius the Bishop

- Martyrdom of St.Anba Bisadi (Psote) the Bishop

- Martyrdom of St.Archippus, St.Philemon and St.Lycia the Virgin

- Martyrdom of St.Arianus, the Governor of Ansena

- Martyrdom of St.Aristobulus, the apostle

- Martyrdom of St.Askala (Asela) the Fighter

- Martyrdom of St.Balanah, the Priest

- Martyrdom of St.Barnabas, One of the Seventy Apostles

- Martyrdom of St.Barsanuphius

- Martyrdom of St.Basil (Basilaos) The Bishop

- Martyrdom of St.Bishai Anoub

- Martyrdom of St.Boctor Ebn Romanus

- Martyrdom of St.Callinacus, Bishop of Oseem

- Martyrdom of St.Claudius

- Martyrdom of St.Dabamon

- Martyrdom of St.Domicos

- Martyrdom of St.Epimachus (Ephimachus) of Pelusium

- Martyrdom of St.Fabian (Fabrianus), Pope of Rome

- Martyrdom of St.Glathinos in Damascus

- Martyrdom of St.Haboulyous (Hanulius) the prince.

- Martyrdom of St.Hepatius, Bishop of Gangra

- Martyrdom of St.Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, in Rome

- Martyrdom of St.Ignatius, the Patriarch of Antioch

- Martyrdom of St.Isidore, Friend of Sina the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St.James the Apostle, the Son of Alphaeus

- Martyrdom of St.John of Senhout

- Martyrdom of St.Jude, one of the Seventy Disciples

- Martyrdom of St.Julian (Yulianus) and his mother in Alexandria

- Martyrdom of St.Justus, the Son of Emperor Numerian

- Martyrdom of St.Lucilianus and four others with him

- Martyrdom of St.Macrobius (Makrawy) the Bishop

- Martyrdom of St.Mary the Israelite

- Martyrdom of St.Matthias, the apostle

- Martyrdom of St.Millius, the Ascetic

- Martyrdom of St.Mina the Monk

- Martyrdom of St.Nehrou

- Martyrdom of St.Onesimus, the Disciple of St.Paul

- Martyrdom of St.Peter the priest

- Martyrdom of St.Philo, the Bishop of the Persians

- Martyrdom of St.Philothaos

- Martyrdom of St.Pishay (Abshai), the Antiochian

- Martyrdom of St.Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna

- Martyrdom of St.Porphyry

- Martyrdom of St.Sarah, and her two sons

- Martyrdom of St.Sarapion

- Martyrdom of St.Sedhom Bishay in Domiat

- Martyrdom of St.Sergius of Atripe and His Father, Mother, Sister, and Many Others with Them

- Martyrdom of St.Shenouda (Sinouti) El Bahnasawy

- Martyrdom of St.Shenousi (Sanusi)

- Martyrdom of St.Simon the Zealot, the Apostle known as (Simon the Canaanite)

- Martyrdom of St.Sina, the Soldier

- Martyrdom of St.Sousenyos

- Martyrdom of St.Theoclia, the wife of St.Justus

- Martyrdom of St.Theodore El-Mishreke (Of the East)

- Martyrdom of St.Theodore of Shotep

- Martyrdom of St.Theodore the Monk

- Martyrdom of St.Theodore the Roman

- Martyrdom of St.Timothy and St.Matthias

- Martyrdom of St.Timothy of Memphis (El-Masry)

- Martyrdom of St.Zadok and the One Hundred and Twenty-Eight who were with him

- Martyrdom of the blessed Youhanna (John) Abu Nagaah El-Kabeer

- Martyrdom of the Forty Martyrs of Sebastia

- Martyrdom of the Forty-Nine Saints, the Elders of Sheheat (Scetis)

- Martyrdom of the Great Saint Anba Moses the Black

- Martyrdom of the Great Saint Mark, the Apostle, the Evangelist of the Land of Egypt

- Martyrdom of the Holy Virgins : Agape, Eirene, and Shiona

- Martyrdom of the Monk St. Bashnouna El-Maqari

- Martyrdom of the One Hundred and Fifty believers by the hand of the King of Persia

- Martyrdom of the Righteous Father Abba Hilarion

- Martyrdom of the Righteous Father St. Macarius the Bishop of Edkow

- Martyrdom of the Saint Abba Isaac

- Martyrdom of the Saints Abakir, John, the Three Virgins and Their Mother

- Martyrdom of the Saints Abba Hor, Tosia and her children, and Abba Agatho the Anchorite

- Martyrdom of the Saints Abrianus, Amrata his wife, Eusebius, Armanius, and the Forty Martyrs

- Martyrdom of the Saints Apakir, John, Ptolemy, and Philip

- Martyrdom of the Saints Eugenius, Agathodorus and Elpidius

- Martyrdom of the Saints John and James, Bishops of Persia

- Martyrdom of the Saints Joshua and Joseph

- Martyrdom of the Saints Lazarus, Salomi, His Wife and their Children

- Martyrdom of the Saints Marcianus and Mercurius

- Martyrdom of the Saints Maximus, Nometius, Boctor, and Philopus

- Martyrdom of the Saints Paul, Longinus and Deenah (Zaina)

- Martyrdom of the Saints Thecla and Mouji

- Martyrdom of the Saints Victor, Decius, Eirene the Virgin, and those with them men, women, and virgins

- Martyrdom of the Saints: Barbara and Juliana

- Martyrdom of the Saints: Esi and His Sister Thecla

- Martyrdom of the Seven Ascetic Saints in Tounar Mount

- Martyrdom of the Seven Young Men of Ephesus

- Martyrdom of the Two Saints Atrasis and Yoana

- Martyrdom of the Vizier Abu Elaala Fahd Ibn Ibrahim and his companions

- Martyrdom of Thirty-Thousand Christians in Alexandria

- Martyrdom of Zacharias the Prophet

- Nativity of St. John, the Baptist

- Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of God

- Paramone of Holy Theophany (Epiphany)

- Raid of the Arabs of Upper Egypt on the Wilderness of Scetis

- Raising of Lazarus from the dead

- Re-Opening of St. Mary's Church in Haret El-Rum

- Recovery of the Holy Relics of St. George, the Great Martyr

- Reign of the Righteous Emperor Constantine, the Great

- Relocation of the Body of Saint Abba Severus, Archbishop of the City of Antioch

- Relocation of the Body of St. Simon (Simeon) the Stylite to the city of Antioch

- Relocation of the Relics of St.Mercurius to Cairo

- Relocation of the Relics of St.Timothy the Apostle

- Return of the Great Saints Anba Macarius the Great and Anba Macarius of Alexandria from Exile

- Return of the Relics of the Great St. Mark to the New St. Mark Cathedral

- The Angels Annunciation of John the Baptist to Zacharias

- The Martyrdom of the Sts. Alexander, Agabius, Alexander, Timol (Timolaos), Dionysius, Romulus, and Blesius (Valesius).

- Transfer of Relics of St. Aklimos and His Companions

- Transfer of the Body of St. Stephen the Archdeacon

- Transfer of the Relics of St. Chrysostom (of the Golden Mouth)

- Translocation of the Body of St. Macarius to His Monastery in Scetis

- Turning Over the Relics of the Great St. Mark the Apostle by the hand of Pope Paul the Sixth, Pope of Rome

May 15, 2020 - Bashans 7, 1736

Departure of St. Athanasius the Apostolic, the 20th Pope of Alexandria

On this day of the year 89 A.M. (373 A.D.) the great Pope Anba Athanasius the apostolic, the 20th. Pope of Alexandria, departed. He was born to pagan parents about the year 295 - 298 A.D. It happened that when he was in school, he saw some Christian children acting the Christian rituals some as priests, some as deacons and one of them as a bishop. He asked their permission to participate with them, but they refused saying: 'You are pagan, and you are not allowed to mix with us.' He answered them: 'I am from now on a Christian.' They rejoiced with him, they made him a patriarch over them in the play, they enthroned him on a high place, and they offered him honor and respect. At that time pope Alexandros passed by, when he saw them, he said to those who were with him about Athanasius: 'This child would be in a great position one day.' When Athanasius' father died, his mother brought him to Pope Alexandros, who taught them the principles of the Christian faith and baptized them. They gave their money to the poor, and stayed with the Pope, who taught Athanasius the church subjects, and ordained him deacon and made him a personal secretary. The gifts of the Holy spirit increased in him. He was chosen Patriarch on the 8th. of Bashans of the year 44 A.M. (May 5th., 328 A.D.) after the departure of Pope Alexanderos.

Pope Alexanderos had recommended Athanasius, his deacon, for the Papacy, who lived with St.Antonios the father of the monks and followed his example in asceticism. He manifested his brilliancy in exposing 'Arius' in the universal council, when Arius said about Christ that he was 'similar' in essence with the Father, St.Athanasius said: 'One in essence with the Father.' In this fashion he manifested his excellence. St. Athanasius hid himself in the mountains, after the departure of Pope Alexanderos for he believed of his unworthiness to this serious and important position. The people sought him until they found him, and brought him to the bishops, and was ordained Pope in 328 A.D. The historian Socrates testified about him saying: 'Athanasius fluency in speech and his outspokenness in the council of Nicea brought over him all the hardships that he encountered in his life.' After he became a Pope, he ordained for Ethiopia its first Metropolitan whose name was Anba 'Salama'. The church of Ethiopia have followed the church of Alexandria since that time. The spiritual and religious state in Ethiopia had established and settled since that time.

St. Athanasius was exiled away from his Chair five times:
1. The First Exile: Arius, after he had been excommunicated, tried to return to Alexandria, by sending a misleading and flattering letter to Emperor Constantine, which touched him. The Emperor asked Pope Athanasius to take him back. Athanasius refused to accept him because that would be a contradiction to the decision of the Universal Council. The Arians accused Pope Athanasius with these charges:
1. That he supported Pope Philominus who rebelled against the government.
2. That he broke the communion cup of the priest Eskira, and destroyed his altar.
3. That he killed bishop Arsanius, and used his arms in sorcery.
4. That he also raped a nun.

The Pope cleared himself from the first charge. A council was assembled in Tyre, most of the attendants were Arians, were against Athanasius to look into these charges. In the second charge, the Lord moved the priest Eskira's heart, who had conspired with them to testify falsely against him, and he cleared the Pope from that charge. With regard of the third charge, Arsanius the bishop, who had agreed with them to accuse the Pope falsely for his murder, came to the council. Pope Athanasius kept him in an adjacent room. The Arians brought two arms of a dead person and claimed that they were the arms of Arsanius. Then Arsanius was brought in, and showed his arms to the council and declared his regrets. The Arians said that Athanasius was a sorcerer and he was able to make arms for him. They became violent against Arsanius who left the council and went to the Emperor. Then they looked in the matter of the rape, they brought a harlot who claimed that Athanasius raped her. One of the entourage of Pope Athanasius, a priest called Timothy said to her: 'How dare you to say that I came to your house, and overpowered your will?' She thought that the priest was Athanasius for she did not know him, and she said: 'You are'. At once the false claim was exposed. Athanasius could not meet the Emperor because of the interferences of the Arians, who accused him before the Emperor that he prevented the export of the wheat from Alexandria to the Emperor. The Emperor gave his order to exile Athanasius to Trefe (Treves) in France in February 5th., 335 A.D. where its bishop had met him with great honor.

Arius died a horrible death as Socrates said: 'God made Arius to die in a public washroom, where his bowels poured out of his body, and the people regarded his death as a punishment from the Divine Justice.' When the Emperor heard about the death of Arius, he recognized the innocence of Athanasius, and recommended while he was on his death bed, in the year 337 A.D. that Athanasius be returned to Alexandria. After the departure of Constantine, the Empire was divided, Constantine II over France, Egypt became under the rule of Constantius, and Constance over Italy. With the mediation of Constantine, the Pope returned in the year 338 A.D. The people of Alexandria received him with great joy.

2. The Second Exile:

The Arians did not stop at that, but assembled a council, where they excommunicated Athanasius. They appointed instead someone called Gregory, and they sent their decision to Julius, Bishop of Rome. Pope Athanasius assembled a council in Alexandria in 340 A.D. where he protested against the Arians, then he wrote a letter to all the churches to declare his innocence. However, the Arians influenced Philogorius to help to install their appointed Patriarch Gregory to take over the churches of Alexandria, and they also influenced Emperor Constantius. The people of Alexandria were horrified, and decided to resist, but the Arians attacked the churches in Alexandria on Good Friday, raped and slained many worshipers. Pope Athanasius sought the help of all the churches in the world, left his Chair, and traveled to Rome. A council was assembled in Sardica, where they declared:
a. The innocence of Pope Athanasius
b. Confirmed the cannons and the Creed of faith of the Council of Nicea.
c. They excommunicated the Arian bishops.
d. Deposed Gregory from his office.

They delegated two bishops to meet Emperor Constans, the ruler of Italy, who agreed on what the council had decided, and threatened his brother Emperor Constantius with war if he did not return Athanasius to Alexandria. At the same time, some Egyptian radicals rose up and killed Gregory in 349 A.D. Athanasius returned for the second time to his Chair, and the people received him with joy. Gregory the Theologian, the writer of the liturgy, described this reception saying: 'The people came as the flood of the Nile,' and he also pointed out to the palm branches, the carpets, and the many clapping hands.

3. The Third Exile: The Arians did not like the return of Athanasius to Alexandria, and waited unwillingly until the death of Emperor Constans. The Arians accused Athanasius before Constantius that he collaborated with Magneutius who was the enemy of the Emperor. Constantius obtained a condemnation of Athanasius and his exile from a council assembled at Arles and another one at Milan. The soldiers went to the church of St. Mary which was built by Pope Theonas (The 16th. Patriarch). Athanasius was praying the Vespers service. The soldiers rushed inside the church to arrest him, but God blinded them from recognizing him from the rest of the people and the lamps were extinguished. Athanasius escaped and went to the desert, and remained for sometime with the monks. The Arians appointed George of Cappadocia, bishop on Alexandria, but the Orthodox refused to accept him and anathematized him. He took over all the churches and its properties. Nevertheless, the pagans whom he persecuted, killed him and burnt his body.

4. The Fourth Exile: After the death of Constantius, Julian his cousin became Emperor. He wanted to rally the people of Alexandria so he returned Athanasius. Athanasius assembled a council in 362 A.D., and provided conditions for the acceptance of the Arians that wish to return to the church. He also gave a special attention to the preaching among the pagans. This was not appreciated by Emperor Julian, who loved and supported the pagans. He ordered the arrest of Athanasius. Athanasius went out of Alexandria, and took a boat to Upper Egypt. The Governor followed him in another boat, and when he approached the boat of Athanasius, he asked about the boat of the Pope. They said to him that he was not too far away. The Governor went on his way in hurry but he did not find Athanasius, for he hid himself in another place. Those around the Pope were greatly saddened because of the much tribulations that befell him. Athanasius told them, that in times of persecution, he felt great inner peace and that God took care of him and embraced him with His grace more than any other time in his life. He also said: 'The persecution of Emperor Julian is like a summer cloud that will go away.' While they were in these conversation, the news came to them that Julian was killed in his war with the Persians, and that he was killed by St. Mercurius (Abu Sefain), and that he said just before his death: 'You have overcome me, O You son of Mary.'

5. The Fifth Exile: Jovian became Emperor after Julian had been killed, then Valens became Emperor and he was Arian. In 367 A.D. Valens ordered the exile of Athanasius again. Athanasius was forced to leave Alexandria and hid in the tomb of his father. Meanwhile, the Emperor killed 30 bishops who were pro-Athanasius. The Emperor saw the determination of the Copts, and decided to lift the persecution, and to return Athanasius to his Chair in 368 A.D. Although Athanasius reached the age of 72, he did not compromise in performing his duties. For his steadfastness and his firm stand for justice, the world described him by the saying: 'Athanasius against the world.' He wrote several books about the Arians, on the Incarnation, and other subjects. Abba Cosma (The 44th. Patriarch) praised these publications by saying: 'I ask anyone who would find the books of Athanasius to write them on paper, and for those who could not find paper, to write them on their clothes.'

Athanasius was the first Pope to wear the monastic tunic from the hand of St. Antonios. He made it the uniform for bishops and patriarchs. He was the one who ordained St. Antonios a priest, and then Archpriest. He departed in peace after he had been on the Apostolic Throne for forty five years. May his prayers be with us, and glory be to God forever. Amen.